Environmental » Healthy Environment

We have clean water, fresh air and healthy soils. Well-functioning and diverse ecosystems make up an environment that can support our needs. Resources are used efficiently. There is minimal waste and pollution.

What is Healthy Environment?

Good air, water and soil quality, and reducing waste are all essential to maintaining a healthy environment and ensuring the sustainability of resources. Water-based recreational activities are part of an outdoor-focused way of life and it is essential that the water is of a high quality. Protecting land through open space covenants also helps maintain ecosystem diversity, along with natural and cultural heritage. Primary land uses such as agriculture, dairying and cropping are key contributors to an economy but they can have a negative influence on the environment. 

16 indicators are used to measure progress towards the healthy environment outcome (defined above). Data relating to each individual indicator (for the 2001 to 2018 period) is provided via the menu below. The healthy environment index (pictured below) shows the composite average of the individual indicators.

As there is only one community outcome under environmental well-being, the same index is applied to both the well-being aspect and the community outcome area.

kapiti island from QEP dune

Healthy environment, 2001-2018

What this means

The healthy environment index increased between 2001 and 2018 by 8.6%.


The index exhibits some fluctuations, exacerbated by indicators such as stream and river health, landfill waste and GHG emissions per capita that, whilst demonstrating improvement when viewed across the entire time series, experienced sharp declines in some years, and notable increases in others.


Key improvements relate to the suitability of marine and freshwater sites for recreation, and the per capita water supply (a measure of sustainable water consumption). Two indicators that have not shown signs of improvement however are soil quality of dairy farm sites and perception of air pollution as a problem.

Did you know?

The GPI counts our health-care costs created by smoking, not exercising, eating poorly and becoming obese, as costs, not gains, to the economy.

16 Indicators are being used to track Healthy Environment in the Wellington region

Click on each indicator below to access further information

Download Territorial Authority data for these Indicators

Landfill waste

Why is this indicator important?

Landfilled waste represents a loss of resources, both in the form of material and energy. The treatment and disposal of waste may cause environmental pollution and expose people to harmful substances and bacteria that affect human health. Landfill waste is an indicator of the volume of resources being consumed. Waste to landfill generates offensive odours, greenhouse gases, and may cause pollution.

Landfill waste per capita, 2001-2015


  • In 2015, around 306,000 tonnes of material was landfilled, meaning 615kg of material was landfilled per person.
  • Despite the total amount of material landfilled per person fluctuating across the time series, the trend has been towards decreasing volumes per capita, with the figure for 2015 15% lower than that for 2001. 

Landfill waste

Definition and data details

Indicator Definition

Kilograms of material landfilled (commercial and residential), divided by the estimated resident population.

Data Source

URS 2014 Greenhouse Gas Inventory for the Wellington Region

AECOM Community Greenhouse Gas Inventory for Wellington City and Region 2000-2015

Last updated April 2017

This indicator measures solid waste originating in the Wellington region using available data.

6% of the total was consigned to landfills outside the Wellington region (Levin and Bonny Glen). 

Indicators are updated in April and November each year; for those indicators where new data or survey results have become available.

While care has been taken in processing, analysing and extracting information, we cannot guarantee that the information is free from error and we shall not be liable for any loss suffered through the use, directly or indirectly, of any information, product or service.